The region has a total road network of 3, 742 kms. Out of this total 55 kms are trunk roads, 961 kms regional roads, 1043 kms district roads and 1,179 kms feeder roads. See Table III.1. The trunk and regional roads are in good shape, although they still need some maintenance. District and feeder roads are in a poor state. Feeder roads especially are in an appalling situation which requires urgent attention. Generally speaking all trunk roads are tarmaced, regional and district roads are of gravel standard and feeder road are made of earth material.
The Central Railway line passes through the middle of Morogoro town which is the major town of the region hence connecting the two northern districts of the region -Kilosa and Morogoro rural with Dodoma Region in the west and Coast Region in the east. TAZARA Railway line also passes through the south of Morogoro rural district with its major station of Kisaki connecting Morogoro district with Kilombero District in the south. This line however acts as a good link between Kilombero district and Makambako in Iringa region and also between the Southern part of Morogoro district with the Coast region as well as Dar es Salaam.
Morogoro Region is served by 5 airstrips. There is one in the town and one in each of the four districts. The Ulanga strip is in
the Selous Game Reserve. The Morogoro Rural district strip is at Bwagala Hospital in Turiani division. In Kilosa district the strip is
in Kilosa town and in Kilombero district the strip is at KATRIN. Most of the strips are small and made of gravel, hence they are
only used by small planes. There is no commercial air service to the region.
ENERGY POWER (Electricity)
Morogoro region is the main sources of hydro-electric power for the National Grid System. A total of 190 MW are provided by the Kidatu Hydroelectric Power Station. Another hydroelectric power station is under construction at Kihansi in Kilombero district. When completed Kihansi is expected to produce about 200 MW for national use and will be connected to the Kidatu Hydroelectric Power Station. All the districts are served by electricity from Kidatu. 15,926 people are currently enjoying this service in the region. The total supply of electric energy to the region for domestic, commercial industrial and public lighting is given Table III – 4. In all 68,719,000 KWHs were supplied in 1991 and this was increased to 85,092,000 KWHs in 1992.