Region gets Rain twice a year. Autumn rain falls from October to mid- January, and the latter rain falls in the middle of February and ends in May. Rainfall ranges from 600 mm in the plains to 1,200 mm in the highlands. However, there are areas with drought that gets wet under 600 millimeters per year. Those parts included in the division of the Division of Gairo in Gairo District , Mamboya in Kilosa District and Ngerengere Division in Morogoro District.
The region’s arable land totals 5,885,700 Ha, but only 1.2 million hactres are cultivated which is about 20 per cent of the total
arable land. The region’s agricultural sector is essentially of peasant farmers and more than 80 per cent of its total population
of 1,220,564 (1988 census) depend on agriculture for its livehood. It has beed stated earlier that with the exception of few
areas of privately owned estates and parastatals, the region is characterised by relatively small farms of an average size of 1.2
hectares. Yields from these farms are generally low due to poor methods of farming employed by these farmers who produce at
the subsistence level. The use of improved seeds, in-organic fetilizers and pesticides are in very limited use.
Major food crops grown in the region are: Maize, paddy, sorghum, beans, cassava, peas, bananas, sweet potatoes and
millets. The main cash crops are cotton, coffee and sugar-cane.
Agricuture Investment Pontetials
The Region has an areas which are potential for investment in Agriculture and irrigation farming land.Morogoro Region is inviting an interested Potential Investors to come and invest in this areas.
Some of Areas Invested in Agriculture
Suitable areas are Kidatu, Mang’ula, Mngeta and Mlimba Divisions. Total area for investment in agriculture is 33,021 Half of which part of this Land is owned by the village government and part owned by individual indigenous small scale farmers.